In those days, the flag of a country was actually the flag of the ruling house. The introduction of African traditions to the Native American and mestizo cultures already in existence made for a social mixture richer than in almost any other part of the world, although racism continued to play a dark role in the New World.
The defeat of the Moors also freed the monarchs to support exploratory ventures, including those of Christopher Columbus.
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease which weakened indigenous resistanceand military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful alliances with local tribes.
This topic brings us to the Missions. In Peru the indigenous Amerindian pre-contact population of around 6. According to Cook, the indigenous Californian population at first contact, inwas aboutand had dropped to 25, by Slavery and forced labor were imposed on the Indians as soon as the Spaniards arrived, but black Africans were immediately imported when the Spaniards saw that the Indians could not do very much work at all.
Without proper economic, social, and political establishments enforced, the Spaniards would not have been able to settle the New World as quickly and as aggressively as they did. However, due to natural attrition and harsh misrule, the population of native laborers soon became too small for the voracious Spanish, so they began to import African slaves to work in sugar plantations and silver mines.
The most influential figure in the rise of Portuguese maritime strength was Henry the Navigatorwho marshaled experts and information to found an empire. Spain ruled a vast empire based on the labor and exploitation of the native population.
The story is that the branches were roughly hacked off two small trees, and the trees were tied together to make the cross. New social institutions changed the way people lived. They were predominantly criollos Americas-born people of European ancestry, mostly Spanish or Portuguesebourgeois and influenced by liberalism and in some cases with military training in the mother country.
The most profitable Spanish activities in the New World occurred in the southern portions, while less rewarding ventures took place in northern areas.
Many institutions were also implemented for the upkeep of the economy. Of the history of the indigenous population of CaliforniaSherburne F. The Spaniards imposed many political, economical, and social institutions in the New World never heard of before by the Indians, and many feudal customs and systems that they brought wholly intact from Spain.
The Church was the first and most important social institution because Spanish life in the colonies revolved around Catholicism. The Plan of Iguala was part of the peace treaty to establish a constitutional foundation for an independent Mexico.
These institutions were partially what the Spaniards were used to from living in Spainand others were simply to live better. The ideas from the French and the American Revolution influenced the efforts. With its goal of bringing the Catholic religion to the New World, Spain The spanish influence in the new world also able to use the existing church governments for its own political uses.
The Spanish naval ships began to fly this flag in the early s in honor of their king. Viceroys were another political establishment in the New World. The four voyages of Columbus between and served to open the door to European exploration, colonization and exploitation of the New World, although Columbus himself never set foot in North America.
Many other people lived on the same encomienda, however, since the noble owning the whole plot of land would divide it up into smaller parts, which other people managed.
Those who fought for South American independence were called criollos, American-born descendants of Spaniards, and they continued to rule the many new nations of Spanish America for generations.
By the time the English began active colonization, the Spanish had already explored large portions of North America, especially in the South and Southwest.
Puerto Rico continues to be a possession of the United States, now officially continues as a self-governing unincorporated territory. Cook — was the most painstakingly careful researcher.
The jagged edges of the cross on the Spanish flag represent these trees with the branched lopped off. Neighboring Spain was slower to respond to the challenge due in large part to disunity.
The conquistadors were truly amazed by what they found — immense wealth in gold and silver, complex cities rivaling or surpassing those in Europe, and remarkable artistic and scientific achievements. From decades of research he made estimates for the pre-contact population and the history of demographic decline during the Spanish and post-Spanish periods.
The consequences of this contact created profound global change. Then came mestizoes, men and women of mixed Spanish and Indian marriages; mulattoes, people of black and Spanish ancestry; and zambos, those born from black and Indian marriages. Religion was mixed with politics to create a hybrid system in what would become the American Southwest: Charles also adopted this flag when he became Charles I of Spain In Mexico declared independence, with the Mexican War of Independence following for over a decade.
A complicated system, called the casta, delineated over separate names for groups containing certain levels of Native American and African blood.
All of the colonies, except Cuba and Puerto Rico, attained independence by the s.Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful alliances with local tribes.
How did Spain's conquests in the New World shape Spanish influence in Europe? the riches of new spain helped make the 16th century the golden age of spain.
king charles used the wealth of new spain to protect the empire.
BySpanish forces looked to expand their influence and Catholic religion in the New World by attacking the French settlement of Fort Caroline. The Spanish navy overwhelmed French Huguenot settlers and slaughtered them, even as they surrendered to Spain’s superior military.
The resurgence of Spain as a world power. Spain becomes a world power again during the XVth century owing to a series of circumstances: 1. Queen Isabella of Castille and King Fernando of Aragón rule Spain and successfully drive the Moors out of Spain.
2. The presence and persistence at the Court of Spain of Christopher Columbus. Spanish Influence in the New World, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Though influenced by Spanish traditions from the Iberian peninsula, the culture that emerged in the colonial New World was a mixture of European, African, and local Native customs. "Latinized" America was a diverse, capable, and often complex society.Download