Sociolinguistics definition and basic concepts

These negative attitudes influence classroom interaction and performance. Another pronunciation variant that correlates with a social category is heard in New Orleans. Sociolinguists also study dialect — any regional, social or ethnic variety of a language.

Adjacency pairs are utterances produced by two successive speakers such that the second utterance is identified as related to the first as an expected follow-up. The most prominent is M. The lack of predetermined structure and solidarity requires explicit verbal communication of discrete intent by the individual in order to achieve educational and career success.

Language has a subtle way of denoting the marked person. This can operate on many levels.

A network could be loose or tight depending on how members interact with each other. Sociolinguistics divided into two: The examples above have all concerned pronunciation, but language also varies in vocabulary, grammar and use.

Hougen stated a dialect is language that is excluded for polite society.

Situations of language contact are usually socially complex, making them of interest to sociolinguists. They continue to use this distinctive vowel even though in other ways their dialect is becoming more like other American dialects. Speech Community Speech community is a concept in sociolinguistics that describes a more or less discrete group of people who use language in a unique and mutually accepted way among themselves.

Sociolinguistics Basics Language is basic to social interactions, affecting them and being affected by them. This variable correlates with being Southern, regardless of age, gender, socio-economic class or ethnicity. Students are attributed negative characteristics if they do not speak the standard.

Lingua Franca is a language used for communication between 2 people whom the 1st language is different. Most of the time, speakers of elaborated code utilize a broader lexicon and demonstrate less syntactic predictability than speakers of restricted code.


The basic premise of sociolinguistics is that language is variable and changing. Restricted code also operates to unify speakers and foster solidarity. How does this aid in language acquisition?

Speakers may also develop a dialect of one language that is heavily influenced by features of the other language, such as the contemporary American dialect Chicano English. CA and applied linguistics: Illocutionary force express the intent of the speaker.

Provides for turn taking.


Chomskean theory does not account for the communicative aspect of language but rather focuses on its structure. A pidgin develops as a means of communication between people who do not have a common language. In any contact situation, there is a power dynamic, be it a teacher-student or employee-customer situation, this power dynamic results in a hierarchical differentiation between languages.

Civil inattention may be breached when the citizen is accompanied by or in an open category:Chapter I11 Certain Basic Sociolinguistic Concepts The question 'What is Language?' still remains unanswered Wall work J.F.

Chapter I1 assigns Sociolinguistics to its rightful place in the history of Linguistics.

The recent developments in Linguistics have shown beyond. This lesson looks at the connection between social factors and how we learn a second language. You'll also learn several key concepts from the field of sociolinguistics, including register.

“Sociolinguistics is the study of the social uses of language, and the most productive studies in the four decades of sociolinguistic research have emanated from. sociolinguistics Sociolingustics is the study between language and society. Sosiolinguistics is the study of inter relationships of language and social structure, linguistics variation and attitudes toward language.

ESLM Sociolinguistics Study Guide: This page summarizes key concepts of Sociolinguistics and Conversation Analysis that inform TESL and SLA.

Sociolinguistics examines the interplay of language and society, with language as the starting point.

Variation is the key concept, applied to language itself and to its use.

Sociolinguistics definition and basic concepts
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